Swedish bayonets

© Per Holmbäck

1. General

Date History
95-01-13 First version
96-12-10 History and references added
97-01-14 Updated m/1864 cadet and some more
97-05-18 major rewrite, more html-friendly format
97-06-08 Various updates
98-05-23 Corrections and updates
99-02-15 NNew HTML based version (not based on Word any more).
99-03-16
New pictures, some new info, trial models
99-05-01 m/1915 BL in error !
99-11-04 Some new pictures, some editorial updates
2001-05-01 Released.....
  • fm1963 added
  • m/1896 updated
  • Tower w/bolt added
  • m/1791 cadet added
  • Some other updates
2001-09-11 Sword bayonet m/1867 was only submitted to the navy.
2006-11-11 Major update
  • OAL of fm/1881 in error
  • Trial models updated
  • blade length reviwed/corrected (measured from shoulder to point)
2007-05-03 Updateringar
  • m/1804 updated (production figures)
  • m/1815-26, SD in error
2008-03-09 Updates
  • Better pictures on m/1896 and m/1914
  • Corrections of m/1896
  • Corrections of m/1914
2008-04-03 Major rework of the "Carolian" bayonets.
2008-04-06 Updated m/1738 - m/1778
2008-07-06 Updated m/1804, m/1811, m/1815, m/1815-20, m/1845 Navy, m/1851, m/1857
2008-07-06 Updated trials, fm/1910, fm/1881, fm/1913
2008-07-07 More updates of trials
2009-01-18 sword bayonets m/1867 for the navy updated, m/1867-94-14 wrong designation
2009-05-06 Lade till flottans m/1833
2010-12-12 Updates
  • Trial model 1878 Jarmann
  • Trial model 1881 Jarmann
  • Trial model 1888 Bergman
  • Added some links to the Arms and Armour museum.
2011-01-28 Updates
  • Socket length of m/1845 cadet corrected
2011-01-28 Updates
  • AK5C Högvakt added
2011-07-11 Updates
  • One English and one Swedish branch instead of having all texts in the same document
  • Minor corrections
2011-07-20 Updates
Designation of fm/1910 should be fm 1910, there was no fm/1910 offical designation..
2012-01-22 Updates
  • m/1867 for 6,5 mm carbine m/94 corrected
  • m/1804
  • m/1807
  • m/1815-20
  • References updated
2012-02-19 Updates
  • Editorial stuff
  • m/1747-99 added
  • Trials 1915 with long bayonet for rifle m/1896 added.
  • Trials 1911 with a carbine bayonet updated
2012-03-13 Updates
  • Trials 1915 and 1910 updated
2012-08-21 Links corrected
2012-10-07 Trials and experimentals moved to separate document
2012-10-13 Major update
  • Several pictures from "Armemuseum"
  • A few new headings
  • Corrections
    • m/1696 single edged blade
    • m/1791 cadet
    • m/1791 Infantry Officer and m/1791 NCO
    • m/1864 cadet
2012-11-05 Major rewrite (and new layout)
2013-02-11,17 Several minor corrections
2013-12-08 m/1807 updated
2015-07-26 Updates
  • m/1815-20 revised
  • m/1747 SL corrected
2016-04-15 Updates
  • m/1749 dragoon added (Designation not known)
2017-01-22 Updates
  • m/1851 updated

2. Early models

General

Will be updated.

3. Regular models

m/1692

OAL 790 BL 580 - - - -
Production
-
Weapon
-
Picture
AM.030748 AM.030748 AM.030748 AM.030748

Plug bayonet.
The bayonet has a wooden handle with a spring catch.
3000 blades were delivered from `Wira bruk'. This model was cancelled before the delivery of the blades was completed.
The existing bayonets at the Swedish arms museum is probably the only ones made. They do not fit any musket.


m/1696 single edged blade

OAL 655 BL 562 SL 53 SD 24
Production
Arboga faktori ca 580
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1696
Picture
The bayonet is single edged blade with a short socket, zigzag slot and a locking bolt.
The General armourer Johan Siöblad designed the bayonet, that was approved in 18th May 1696.
From 1697 they were made with a single edged blade.
Johan Erhenpreus (Arboga faktori) was contracted for 530 single edged and 817 double-edged bayonets. (the blades delivered from `Wira bruk' ,see below)


m/1696 double edged blade

OAL 750 BL 702 SL 48 SD 30
Production
Arboga faktori ca 1055
Stockholm ca 400
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1696
AM.023491 AM.023491 AM.030755

Socket bayonet.
Double edged blade, locking bolt, and zigzag slot.
Approved 18/5 1696
3000 sword blades were delivered in 1696 from `Wira bruk', to be used for plug bayonet (see m/1692). They were modified to m/1696 instead.
The production ended in 1699, with exception of the modification of the double edged blades. 400 of the original order of double-edged bayonets were manufactured in Stockholm.
1696 is the first time bayonets are mentioned in the books of Stockholm Armoury


Number of m/1696 delivered from Arboga faktori.
Year Single edged Double edged
1696 2 -
1697 348 410
1698 64 204
1699 170 441
Sum 584 1055


m/1699

OAL 685 BL 575 SL 40 SD 26
Production
Örebro faktori
Jönköping faktori
Norrköping faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1699
AM.023497 AM.023497

Socket bayonet.
The bayonet has a single edged blade and it has a stud (`Hållare') welded to the socket. See the figure below.
Approved 26/4 1699
The design was probably made by general armourer Johan Siöblad and gunsmith Peter Starbus together.


Hållare
hållare/stud


Number of m/1699 ordered from the factories. Actual number delivered bayonets was probably lower.
Year Örebro Jönköping Norrköping Ronneby
1699 1080 630 120 -
1700 2000 1200 600 -
1701 1500 1500 600 300
Sum 4580 3330 1320 300


m/1701

OAL 780 BL - SL 45 SD 26
Production
Örebro
Jönköping
Norrköping
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1701
Flintlock musket m/1701 dragoon
Picture Picture


Socket bayonet.
This is a very strange design, where the previously successful concept was abandoned.
The bayonet looks like the m/1696 with a very short socket but with a short straight slot and a locking bolt on the socket. The blade is single-edged.

This bayonet was designed by war minister Ludvig Fahlström, who obviously must have had other qualities than designing bayonets.
This model was not appreciated by king Carl XII and was later cancelled.

War minister Fahlström was behind several quite innovative bayonet designs in this period.


Number of m/1699 ordered from the factories. Actual number delivered bayonets was probably lower.
Year Örebro Söderhamn Jönköping Norrköping Ronneby Wira Stockholm
1702 2000 infanteri
1000 dragoon
2000 2000 infanteri
1000 dragoon
600 600 - -
1703 1500 - - - - 8000 -
1704 - - - - - - 8000
Sum> 3500 2000 3000 600 600 8000 8000


m/1704

OAL 720 BL 625 SL 83 SD 26
Production
Örebro
Jönköping
Norrköping
Stockholm
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1704
Flintlock musket m/1704-89 alteration for the navy
Picture Picture Hylsa


Socket bayonet.

The bayonet of 1704 has a socket with no slot and a stud to hold the locking bolt.
The blade is flat and single edged. The stud is soldered to the socket.
The bayonet looks like the m/1699 but the socket is longer, and will be the basic bayonet model for the next 40 years.

In 1704 was the old concept with a stud on the socket reintroduced by armourer Sjiöblad. He had returned after a couple of years of foreign duty, and had to revert the designs done by Fahlström in his absence.
The new bayonet is approved 16th June (or 13st May ?) 1705.


Number of bayonets ordered from the factories. The delivered number is lower, but we lack information here.
Year Örebro Jönköping Norrköping Wira Stockholm Graninge
1705 - - - - 12000 -
1706 4500 - - 6000 - -
1707 4500 - - 6000 - -
1708 3600 - - 8700 - -
1709 3600 4800 1300 4200 - 716 ?
1710 3600 3600 1000 2100 - -
1711 4100 5500 - 4300 - -
1712 4600 5700 - 3000 - -
1713 4600 5700 - 3000 - -
1714 5450 8200 - 3000 - -
1715 6000 8500 - 6300 - -
1716 8000 5500 - 2000 - -
Summa 52550 47500 2300 48600 12000 716
From 1717 most bayonets was manucfactured at Jönköping Factory


m/1716

OAL 715 BL 625 SL 80 SD 28,5
Production
Örebro
Jönköping
Vira
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1716
Flintlock musket m/1716 for the dragoons
Picture Hylsa

Socket bayonet
It looks like the m/1704 but the stud is welded to the socket in stead. It has a is flat, single edged blade.
The distance from the blade to the socket is larger on the m/1716 and the blade is wider on the m/1704.

Here is the difference between the m/1716 (left) and m/1704 (right).

The bayonet was approved in 6/8 1716 .

Modifications and variations:


Number of bayonets ordered from the factories.
Year Örebro Jönköping Wira
1717 3000 9000 4800 (1)
1718 ? 11000 -
1719 - 7000 -
1720 - 3000 -
1721 - ? -
Sum 3000 30000 4800
(1) These 4800 bayonets should have been ordered from Jönköping, but Vira got the order instead. They were for muskets made in Norrköping, Ronneby och Söderhamn.

From 1717 most bayonets was manucfactured at Jönköping Factory


m/1717 livskvadronen

OAL 706 BL 620 SL 87 SD 25
Production
Jönköpings faktori, 400
Örebro faktorier, 400
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1717 for livskvadronen
AM.023507 AM.023507

Socket bayonet.
This bayonet looks very much like the m/1716 bayonet but the point is more `triangular'. It has a flat, single-edged blade and a socket with the locking bolt on a stud.
The Life Squadron was a part of the Garde du Corps that only existed a few years. The history of the Garde du Corps starts as the life guard of King Gustav Wasa in the 16th century, and in 1699 His Majesty’s Garde du Corps became an independent unit. It was however under the command of King Carl XII they became the famous and feared Garde du Corps (“drabantkår”).
The Corps never exceeded 200 men, and men in the unit had the rank of an officer. The commander of the Corps had the title Leuitenant Captain (“kaptenlöjtnant”) but the rank of Major General.
When King Carl XII returned returned from the disaster in Poltava, his Garde du Corps was reduced to only a few men. In an attempt to recreate the elite unit he set up the “Life Squadron” (“Livkvadronen”) which was subordinated to the Garde du Corps. The Life Squadron consisted of less than 400 men and officers. Their commanding officer was Leuitenant Captain Carl Gustaf Hård from the Garde du Corps. In 16th Decemebr 1716 the Life Squadron was formed.
They were armed with the highest quality weapons of the time, and i.e. 400 muskets were ordered from both Jönköping and Örebro factories, so the unit could select the best ! The other 400 were stored. The muskets and bayonets were approved in 28th of May 1717.
The Life Squadron was dissolved in 1720, and one of the last assignements was at King Carl XII’s funeral procession.


m/1725, m/1727, m/1731

OAL 705-725 BL 625 SL 82 SD 24
Production
Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1725
Flintlock musket m/1725-89
Flintlock musket m/1725-1803
Flintlock musket m/1725-1805
Flintlock musket m/1727 for the dragoons
Flintlock musket m/1731
Flintlock musket m/1731 for the dragoons
Socket bayonet.
This is very likely the same bayonet as m/1716.
Modifications and variations:
  • 1789 (förändringsmodell), mounted on the right side of the barrel. Modification unknown to me..
  • 1791 (reparationsmodell), zigzag slot and locking bolt like m/1791 (right side mounting). m/1725-91.
  • 1803 (förändringsmodell), mounted on the right side of the barrel. The stud (hållare) was removed and a locking bolt was attached to the socket.


m/1738 Infantry

OAL 710 BL 560 SL 98 SD 25
Production
Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1738
Flintlock musket m/1738-91 alteration
Flintlock musket m/1747 (Savolax light infantry regiment)
Flintlock musket m/1704-89 alteration for the navy
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Single edged blade, double edged at the point, locking bolt, collar at the end of the socket, zigzag slot.
To be mounted at the left of the barrel.
The first bayonet where the socket and the blade were connected with a shank..
Modifications and variations:
  • 1791 (reparationsmodell) zigzag slot and locking bolt like m/1791 (right side mounting). m/1738-91. (1805 common repair model (reparationsmodell))
  • 1799 (förändringsmodell), straight slot and locking bolt like m/1799 (right side mounting). m/1738-99.


m/1738 dragoon

OAL 580 BL 485 SL 98 SD 25,5
Production
Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1738 for the dragoons
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Looks like m/1738 but it is shorter.


m/1747

OAL 710 BL 565 SL 88 SD 24,5
Production
Wira Bruk and others
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1747
Flintlock musket m/1747-89 (altered)
Flintlock musket m/1747-1805 (altered)
Flintlock musket m/1738 Dragoons (Bohusläns dragoner)
Flintlock musket m/1770 Kajana company
Flintlock musket m/1778 for the artillery
Flintlock musket m/1831 navy trial model
Flintlock musket m/1833 navy trial model
Flintlock musket m/1815-45 navy alteration
Picture Picture Picture Klingor

Socket bayonet.
The bayonet of 1747 was the first with a triangular blade. Typical of bayonets from the time is the guard on the blade base and the socket with a collar, that can be found on bayonets from many other countries. One of the purposes of the guard is to give support for the scabbard.
The socket has a butterfly locking bolt behind the shank and a zig-zag slot. The arm has a square cross section and the arm is triangular with a flat inner side. The bayonet shall be mounted at the left side of the barrel. It was approved in 1748.
Both musket and bayonet m/1747 was manufactured in many examples,and can be found in many manufacturing variations (e.g. blade witdh, thickness of the arm).

There are many modifications/variations of this bayonet:
  • 1789 (alteration), to be mounted on the right side of the barrel. The original zigzag slot was filled.
    Picture Picture
  • 1805 common repair model (alteration), zigzag slot and locking bolt like m/1791 (right side mounting).
  • 1805 common repair model (alteration), straight slot and locking bolt like m/1799 (right side mounting).
    Picture Picture Picture
  • Variation with locking ring and straight slot. To be mounted on the right side of the barrel.
    Se m/1833 navy alteration
    Picture Picture Picture
  • Variation with shorter socket and locking ring just like m/1840. Found browned and in full length
    Picture Picture
  • Socket is shortened to about 53 mm and 21,5 mm diameter. The blade is about 405 mm and blunt.


Bayonet issued to "Westgöta Cavalleriregemente"

OAL 600 BL 465 SL 94 SD 26
Production
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1738 for dragoons
Bild Bild Bild Bild Bild

Socket bayonet.
In 1749 the dragoon musket m/1738 with "three edged bayonets" were issued to "Westgöta Cavallerie Regemente" and "Bohusläns Dragonregemente". (Alm, 1953).
It was assumed that the bayonet was m/1747, but it was not.
This bayonet looks like m/1747 but is is shorter and the blade is wider.
No model/designation has been found yet.


m/1761 Rifle with octagonal barrel

OAL 680 BL 575 SL 40 SD 26
Production
300 (incl round socket) Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Rifle m/1761 with octagonal barrel
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Octagonal socket, locking bolt under the shank, No slot., triangular blade with flat inner side
300 muskets and bayonets was ordered from Jönköping arsenal for the jaeger regiments in Pommern.


m/1761 Rifle with round barrel

OAL 480 BL - SL - SD -
Production
300 (incl octagonal socket) Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock rifle m/1761 with round barrel
AM.024815 AM.024815

Socket bayonet.
Round socket, zigzag slot, no collar on the socket, (like m/1762), and triangular blade with flat inner side.
To be mounted at the left of the barrel.


m/1762

OAL 710 BL 555 SL 88 SD 24,3
Production
Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1762
Flintlock musket m/1762-1803
Flintlock musket m/1762-1805
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
This bayonet is characterized by the round arm and the guard on the blade.
It is the only bayonet of the period with a round arm, except for a few other rare models. The bayonet has a zigzag slot, a locking bolt behind the shank and no collar on the socket. The blade is triangular with fullers and a guard.
The scabbard is made of leather with an internal steel chape and a steel frog hook.
All models from now on are mounted on the right side of the barrel.

There are many modifications/variations of this bayonet:


m/1774 dragoon

OAL 515 BL 425 SL 88 SD 20
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1774 for the dragoons
AM.023533 AM.023533

Socket bayonet.
Single edged blade, zigzag slot, and collar on the socket. Mounted at the right of the barrel , edge downwards.
It has a very odd mounting mechanism.


m/1775

OAL 710 BL 565 SL 88 SD 24
Production
Jönköping mm
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1775
Flintlock musket m/1775-1803
Flintlock musket m/1808 (altered m/1775-1805)
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.

Triangular blade with fuller, angular shank, outer side rounded, collar on the socket, zigzag slot.
All bayonets were browned from this model onward.
Modifications and variations:
  • This bayonet can be found without basal collar on the socket.
    The fuller starts circa 90 mm from the shoulders on this variation. Picture


m/1778 Artillery rifle

OAL Mått saknas BL - SL - SD -
Production
Norrtälje
mm ?
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1778 for the artillery, calibre 20 mm
AM.023648

Socket bayonet.
Socket as m/1747 but triangular blade with fuller.


m/1778 Dragoon rifle

OAL 525 BL - SL 85 SD -
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1778 for the dragoons
AM.030785 AM.030785 AM.030785

Socket bayonet.
This bayonet looks just like m/1774 dragoon bayonet but it is shorter
It has a very odd mounting mechanism.


m/1778 shortened Dragoon rifle

OAL 515 BL 360 SL 88 SD 19,5
Production
Jönköping
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1778 for the dragoons
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Socket with zigzag slot and locking bolt under the arm. The arm is round and the blade is single-edged with a wedge-shaped cross-section and a guard.


m/1791

OAL 720 BL 580 SL 78 SD 24,5
Production
Jönköpings faktori
mm
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1791
Flintlock musket m/1794 for "Smålands kavalleriregemente"
Flintlock musket m/1747-91 (alteration)
Flintlock musket m/1762-91 (alteration)
Flintlock musket m/1775-91 (alteration)
Picture

Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with fullers, locking bolt at the side of the socket, zigzag slot, round shank.


m/1791 Infantery officer

OAL 470 BL 355 SL 67 SD 19
Production
Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1791 for infantery officer , Caliber (kal): 16 mm
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Looks like m/1791 but smaller


m/1791 Infantry NCO

OAL 562 BL 400 SL 88 SD 24
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1791 for infantery NCO , Caliber (kal): 19.3 mm
AM.023543

Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with fullers, collar on the socket (no bridge).
Looks like m/1791 but with a collar on the socket and it is shorter.


m/1793

OAL 780 BL 660 MRD -
Production
Eskilstuna
Weapon
Flintlåock rifle m/1793, for "Savolax fotjägarregemente"
AM.024805 AM.024805 AM.024805 AM.024805
AM.024806
AM.025053 AM.025053

Sword bayonet.
The first sword bayonet approved in Sweden. Single edged blade. Hilt made in brass. Octagonal muzzle ring with locking bolt.
Designed by colonel Jägerhorn for Savolax and karelia jaegers.
In a royal order of 27/4 1803 the sword bayonets should be cancelled, but in Savolax jaeger regiment they remained until at least 1806.


m/1796

OAL 580 BL 445 SL 98 SD 24
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1796 for the dragoons
AM.030791 AM.030791 AM.030791

Socket bayonet. For "Livregementsbrigadens husarkår."
Zigzag slot, collar on the socket, locking bolt, angular shank.
Single edged blade. To be mounted at the left of the barrel, with the edge upwards.


m/1799

OAL 715 BL 575 SL 79 SD 23,8
Production
Jönköpings faktori
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1799 for the infantry
Picture

Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with fullers, slot with locking bolt at the side of the socket

Modifications and variations:
  • Modification with locking ring and straight slot. Right side mounting of the barrel.


Bayonets delivered from the factories (Wira: Blades)
Year Wira
1791 214
1792 83
1793 720
1794 548
1795 176
1796 414
1797 1
1798 -
1799 3
1800 124


1803 alteration

To be updated

1805 alteration

To be updated

m/1804

OAL 830 BL 700 SL 64 SD 25
Production
Ericson, Eskilstuna
1000 muskets were manufactured 1804 - 1809
700 (or 400) bayonets were made
Weapon
Flintlock rifle m/1804 for jaegers (`fotjägarstudsare')
Flintlock rifle m/1808 for jaegers (`fotjägarstudsare')
Picture Picture Picture Picture
AM.024966 AM.024966 AM.024966

Socket bayonet.
The bayonet has a three edged blade with round shoulders, square arm with rounded edges.
The socket has an open, straight slot, and a basal locking ring. It is a very long bayonet (over 82 cm).

The rifle and bayonet was the design of Carl Helvig.
Rifle m/1804 was initially not equipped with a bayonet, but in 29/4 1807 it was decided that a bayonet should be used.

It is unlikely that the rifle m/1808 was made in more than a few examples. The bayonet for m/1808 shall according to Alm [9,10] be polished, is very likley a project model.


m/1807

OAL 822 BL 690 SL 68 SD 23,3
Production
The rifle was made at Norrtälje faktori
Only 200 rifles manufacured according to Alm [9,10]
Weapon
Flintlock rifle m/1807 for infantery and jaegers
AM.024964 AM.024964 AM.024964

Socket bayonet.
The bayonet has a three edged blade with round shoulders, square arm with rounded edges. It is a very long bayonet (over 82 cm).
The socket has a three step mortize with a bridge. The bayonet is locked by a butterfly bolt below the socket.

The rifle and bayonet was the design of Carl Helvig. The plan was to arm the whole infantry with the m/1807 rifled musket, but they were to expensive. Instead 35000 Brown Bess et al. was bought from Britain.


m/1808/12

OAL 550 BL 430 SL 98 SD 23
Production
Sum 57000 (1808 och 1812)
Weapon
m/1762 Tower.
m/1794 Tower
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with two fullers and flat inner side, round shank.
It exists a number of variations of this bayonet: Brown Bess bayonets used in Sweden usually has a number on the shank (4mm digits).
Those bayonets issued to Gotland Militia (Gotlands Nationalbeväring) are stamped with `number ) batalion number' on the socket.
The batalions are S-Southern, V-Visby, M-Middle and N-Northern. E.g. `7 ) M2694'.


m/1811

OAL 543 BL 455 SL 64 SD 22,3
Production
Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori
Husqvarna
Norrtälje
Wira bruk, 2000 st during 1813-14.
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1811
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with fullers, angular shank, locking ring, straight slot, collar on the socket.
The main difference from the m/1815 is the length.


m/1815

OAL 520 BL 435 SL 64 SD 22,3
Production
Carl Gustaf Stad
Husqvarna
Norrtälje
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1815
Flintlock musket m/1815-20
Flintlock musket m/1815-38
Flintlock musket m/1815-45
Percussion rifle m/1815-49
FFlintlock musket m/1815 carbine calibre (18,55 mm)
Picture Picture Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with fullers, angular shank, locking ring, straight slot, collar on the socket.
Those bayonets issued to Gotland Militia Gotland Militia (Gotlands Nationalbeväring) are stamped with `number batalion number' on the arm.
The batalions are S-Southern, V-Visby, M-Middle and N-Northern. E.g. `1131 S 79'.

This bayonet can be found bushed to about 19 millimetres socket diameter.
I have no further information about it, but I guess it is to fit the m/1860 (or m/1864) rifle.


m/1815 musket calibre

OAL 520 BL 435 SL 64 SD 24,5
Production
Carl Gustaf Stad
Husqvarna
Norrtälje
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1815 musket calibre (20 mm)
Socket bayonet.
Triangular blade with fullers, angular shank, locking ring, straight slot, collar on the socket.


m/1815-20

OAL 730 BL 617 MRD 23
Production
more than 800
Weapon
Flintlock rifle m/1815-20 for riflemen. ("fältjägarstudsare")
Flintlock rifle m/1815-38
Picture Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
In 31/3 1820 800 rifles and bayonets was ordered to Jämtlands fältjägare.
It was decided in 1821 that Värmlands fältjägarekår should be issued "new rifles with mounted cutlasses as bayonets".
The weapons was received in 1822 and after being tested in target shooting, they were stored in Karlstad armoury.
The blade is from m/1770 cavalry palasch. Hilt is of brass with grip in leather.


m/1815-20

OAL 680 BL 540 SL 63 SD 23,3
Production
Ericsson, Eskilstuna
Carl Gustaf Stads gevärsfaktori
Weapon
Flintlock rifle m/1815-20 for infantery jaegers. ("fotjägarstudsare")
Picture Klingbröst

Socket bayonet.
A modified m/1804. Mostly marked with crown over 'E'.
A few bayonets are manufactured by CG


m/1815-26

OAL 695 BL 575 SL 64 SD 23,5
Production
Husqvarna
Norrtälje
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1815-26 for the infantry jaegers
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Like m/1815 but the blade is longer, arm is square.Looks like m/1815-20 but somewhat longer.
In royal letter of 4/5 1838 it was requested that the jaeger regiments should keep m/1815-26.
According to Royal letters of 17/1 and 7/3 1854, 2000 - 3000 rifles of m/1815-26 should be submitted to the navy.


m/1826

OAL 735 BL - MRD -
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock rifle m/1826, infantery jaegers, Calibre (kal): 18.55 mm
AM.023558 AM.023558 AM.023558 AM.023558

Sword bayonet.
For jaeger rifle m/1826 and m/1826-38, for the jaeger regiments (`fältjägare').
Hilt of brass with crossguard of iron. Blade from cavalry pallasch m/1773 or m/1775


m/1833 Navy

OAL 590
610
BL 440
465
SL 88 SD 24,5
Production
-
Weapon
Percussion rifle m/1833 navy alteration.
m/1747
Picture Picture Picture

m/1762
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
In 1826 trials were ordered for "percussion use on navy weapons" ("slagkrutets användning å flottans vapen").
In 1831-32 trials were done in a larger scale and in 1833 the model m/1833 was approved. m/1833 is a conversion of older flintlock rifles to perussion rifles.
The conversion was not done until 1846 according to J Alm.
Bayonets m/1747 and m/1762 are shortened to about 600 mm length and they have a short straight slot with a basal locking ring.
On bayonet m/1747 the old mortize was kept open on the other side of the socket !


m/1840

OAL 660 BL 575 SL 67 SD 22,4
Production
Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori
Husqvarna
Norrtälje (ovanlig !)
Circa 10,000 were made [4]
Weapon
Percussion musket m/1840
Percussion musket m/1845
Minié percussion rifle m/1854
Picture

Socket bayonet.
After 1850 the year was stamped on the ricasso. (1850 inspection orders).
Bayonets with the year stamped on the ricasso are probably made for the musket m/1845. There are no other differences to the bayonet.


m/1845 Navy

OAL 564 BL 480 SL 66 SD 22,7
Production
Husqvarna
Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori
Weapon
Percussion musket m/1845 for the navy
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Round shank, Socket and shank is browned, the blade polished. It looks like m/1840, but shorter.
The locking ring is slightly different from the infantery model..


m/1851 Navy

OAL 560 BL 485 SL 67 SD 20
Production
Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori
Huskvarna (?)
Malherbe (Liege, Belgien)
Weapon
Percussion chamber loading rifle m/1851 for the navy
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.

It is only märkningen that differs the Belgian made bayonet from the Swedish made.

The m/1851 rifles and bayonets were delivered in a few batches:
  • The first batch was quite small. The year of the contract and the number of bayonets are unknown.
  • 1853-54 This is the largest contract. The number of bayonets are unknown
  • 1863 This was also a quite small delivery. A very limited number of bayonets were delivered
  • 1864 Bayonets marked 1864 are known. Very limited number.
Bayonets manufactured by Huskvarna are probably not marked with the contract year on the blade.


m/1855

OAL 605 BL 538 SL 69 SD 21
Production
Malherbe (Liege Belgien).
5000 for the army, 4000 (unsure) for the navy.
Weapon
Minié percussion rifle m/1855
Minié percussion rifle m/1855 navy
Minié percussion rifle m/1856
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet


m/1815-56 Navy

OAL 565 BL 538 SL 64 SD 22,3
Production
Husqvarna
Norrtälje
Weapon
lintlock musket m/1815-26 modified for the navy.


Socket bayonet
This is a shortened m/1815-26 bayonet. It has a straight slot and basal locking ring.
The blade is triangular with fullers and round shoulders. The bayonet gives a “heavy” impression.
The scabbard is made of leather with an internal steel chape and a steel frog hook
According to Royal letters of 17th January and 7th Mars 1854, 2000 - 3000 rifles m/1815-26 should be submitted to the Navy.
I believe that the bayonet m/1815-26 was shortened and browned


m/1856 Navy

OAL 605 BL 538 SL 66 SD 21
Production
Husqvarna, ca 2000 bajonetter
Weapon
Minié percussion rifle m/1856 for the Navy
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Like m/1855 but made in Sweden. Small differences e.g. the bridge.
Compare m/1855 with m/1856.


m/1857

OAL 660 BL 595 SL 66 SD 20,6
Production
Husqvarna
Carl Gustaf Stad
Weapon
Minié percussion rifle m/1857
Picture

Socket bayonet
Looks like m/1860 but with a bigger socket diameter and a different bridge.


m/1860

OAL 647 BL 583 SL 66 SD 19
Production
Husqvarna
Carl Gustaf Stad
Weapon
Percussion rifle m/1860
Chamber loading rifle m/1860-64
Breech loading rifle m/1860-64-68
Breech loading rifle m/1860-67
Picture

Socket bayonet
In 1860 a 12,17 mm rifle designed by armourer Fabian Wrede was approved.
The rifle fired well and had good precision, but after a few shots, the bullet was very hard to press all the way down the barrel.
The rifle was never delivered in a large number, as the chamber loading rifle m/1864 soon was introduced.


m/1864

OAL 655 BL 583 SL 66 SD 19
Production
Husqvarna
Carl Gustaf Stad
Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur (m/1864-68)
Weapon
Chamber loading rifle m/1864
Breech loading rifle m/1864-68
Picture

Socket bayonet.
The 12,17 mm chamber loading rifle m/1864 was designed by F. A. Hagström and approved in 17th July 1864[4].
The rifle m/1864 (and m/1860-64) were never really issued to troops as it was obsolete before it was delivered. In 1864 - 1866 there were 14886 rifles m/1864 manufactured and about 4000 rifles m/1860 modified to chamber loaders[4].

As the unit cartridge was introduced, it was decided in 18th November 1868 that the m/1864 should be adapted to the Remington mechanism[2].
This model is designated m/1864-68. Only 800 bayonets were manufactured. See m/1864-68, marked 1869
The fuller starts circa 150 mm from the shank

The rifle was also popular among rifle associations, and it is not uncommon with civilian rifles.
The bayonet has a zigzag slot and a wide basal locking ring. The blade is triangular with fullers and it has no shoulders.
It can be found browned or polished.


m/1867

OAL 635 BL 500 MRD 19
Production
EJAB, 4000
Svalling Mölntorp, 200
Weapon
Rifle m/1867 lock made in USA
Rifle m/1867 made in USA
Rifle m/1867
Rifle m/1867-68
Rifle m/1867-74
Picture Bärläder

Sword bayonet.
Yataghan shaped blade, brass crossguard and pommel, wooden grips.'
Only issued to the Navy.
Were later modified to fit the carbine m/1894 and to cutlass m/1903 to be issued to the coast artillery (the mortise slot was filled and the press-studwas removed.).

See separate article here.


m/1867

OAL 560 BL 485 SL 67 SD 19
Production
Remington, Antal 10000 ex.
Husqvarna
Carl Gustaf Stad
Weapon
Rifle m/1867 lock made in USA
Rifle m/1867 made in USA
Rifle m/1867
Rifle m/1867-68
Rifle m/1867-74
Picture Frog Scabbard

Socket bayonet.
The bayonet was approved in 8th May 1867 (8th May, GO 258)

The Remington made bayonets has an iron socket and a steel blade. The "seam" can be seen.

The factory mark is normally found on the left side of the arm, and sometimes the blacksmith or subcontractor mark is found on the upper side of the blade, e.g. "NAESMAN", "J. WALLEN" or Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB (anchor) who made bayonets for Carl Gustaf Stads armory.


m/1867-89

OAL 538 BL 485 SL 47 SD 15,5
Production
Carl Gustaf Stad, 102 000 m/1867 was modified
Weapon
8 mm Rifle m/1867-89
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
This is a quite unique design, and it is probably the only socket bayonet with press-stud. (Actually the same type of press-stud as in some of the trial models of 1910-1914!) .


m/1867 for 6,5 mm karbin m/94

OAL 632 BL 500 MRD 15,5
Production
400 modified at Stochholm navy dockyard.
Weapon
Modified carbine m/1894
Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
Sword bayonet with yataghan blade. The hilt is wooden with brass pommel and steel crossguard. The scabbard is of leather with brass mouthpiece and chape.
The sword bayonet m/1867 for Remington rifle m/1867 was modified with a new crossguard of steel.
This was only used by the navy, and 400 of the navy m/1894 carbine was modified with a new locking mechanism for this bayonet.
modification was ordered in 1907, but was not delivered until 1913.

See separate article.


m/1896

OAL 335 BL 212 MRD 15,5
Production
Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB up to 1912
Carl Gustaf Stad from 1913
E.A.Berg AB
In total ca. 665.000
Weapon
Rifle m/1896
Rifle m/1938
AG m/1942
Picture Picture Frog Frog Frog Frog

Knife bayonet.

It is a short knife bayonet with steel hilt. The blade is single edged with a thin fuller. Scabbard is of steel.
The hilt is of steel and tube shaped. It is hollow. When the bayonet is locked to the rifle, the ramrod is inserted into the bayonet hilt.
The bayonet hilt and scabbard are blued, the blade is polished. The bayonet has a conical locking stud.
The first years this bayonet was manufactured with a flat locking stud and was in a more brown colour rather than blued. It is also said that it was made with a double edged blade in the beginning.
Approved 15/10 1897 by General Order 1329. In the same GO was the bayonet locking device for rifle m/1896 approved (!).

The first 280.000 bayonets were made by Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB between 1899 to 1912.
In 1912 the tools were sold to Carl Gustaf Stad And and they took over the production from 1913.

There are a number of variations of this bayonet: :
  • Dress bayonet, nicle plated, (most often the early model with flat locking stud !).
  • Dagger. There are a number of variations. They were made by EJ AB in the very early years of 20th century.
  • One variation where the blade is replaced with a little flag. This is used in exerscice by one man to keep the direction/lines ('riktkarl') of the troup.
  • One variation with a bolt to connect an earth cable, m/1912 (issued to signallers, to be used as earth connection). [9]

The bayonet was used even into the 1990s.


m/1914

OAL 460 BL 330 MRD 15,5
Production
Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB
Carl Gustaf Stad
Weapon
Carbine m/1894-14
SMG m/1945C
Picture Picture Frog

Knife bayonet.
Knife bayonet with double edged blade without fullers. The hilt is of wood with steel pommel. Blued steel scabbard
The earlier m/1914 bayonets has a scabbard that is more narrow towards the point (same scabbard as fm/1913) and a more rounded scabbard locking stud.
The scabbards of the later bayonets are wider close to the point.

This bayonet was used by mounted troops in the army, mainly the cavalry and at ceremonial guard dury.
The mounted troops had a very special leather frog, to carry the bayonet in a 45 deg. angle.

In the late 1950's the most carbines were disposed. The remaining carbines are used by "Livgardet" and for ceremonial duties.

See separate article here.


m/1915

OAL 630 BL 500 MRD 15,5
Production
Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB
Carl Gustaf Stad
E.A.Berg AB
Weapon
Carbine m/1894-14
SMG m/1945C
blade EAB-EJAB Frog

Sword bayonet.
Sword bayonet with long single edged blade, flat back and fuller. It has a wooden hilt with steel pommel (same as m/1914). Blued steel scabbard.
The bayonet is mounted with the edge upwards.
There are some variations in manucafturing; The blades mady by "Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB" has a wider/deeper fuller. This model can also be found with scabbard lock like fm/1913.
This bayonet was designed for the navy carbines m/1894-14.

See separate article here.


m/1939

OAL 380 BL 252 MRD -
Production
-
Weapon
Rifle m/1939(ca 5000 were imported ??)


Knife bayonet
It is a German 98k bayonet S84/98.
It was carried in a modified bayonet m/1914 leather frog.
Most rifles were rebuilt to m/1940, that has a flame suppressor, so the bayonet does not fit anymore.
All rifles m/1939 on AM are manufactured in 1940.


m/1915-52

OAL 315 BL 186 MRD 15,5
Production
50 (or 30 ?) were modified at the naval base at Skeppsholmen.
Weapon
Karbin m/1894-14
Picture

Knife bayonet m/1915 with a shortened, blued blade. The work is very rough.
The bayonet was used for guard duty and parade.
(The naval base at Skeppsholmenas was later moved to Muskö.)


m/1965

OAL 310 BL 168 MRD 22
Production
BACHO
Carl Eickhorn, Solingen
Weapon
AK4
Picture

Knife bayonet
The first bayonets were delivered in 1965 by BAHCO, a second batch was delivered 1976 by Eickhorn.
There are two scabbard types:
Early scabbard of synthetic material, looks like wood, lock on the front
Late scabbard, black plastic. Lock on the rear side.
Both scabbards also occurs with white frog for guard duty. Several variations of the white frogs exist.


Högvaktsbajonett AK 5C

OAL 325 BL 185 MRD 22
Production
Eickhorn
Weapon
AK5C
Picture

Knife bayonet manucfactured by Eickhorn. Based on the system bayonet 2000.
These were introduced late 2008, but I have no information about numbers ordered etc.
There was a rumour that a field bayonet should be ordered as well.
The designation is M4900-155011 HÖGVAKTBAJ AK 5C

It can be noted that the bayonet is availble with etched text on the blade "Viktoria & Daniel, 2010, NN von 250". German text...


4. Cadet models

m/1748

OAL 370 BL - SL 98 SD -
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1748, for the cadet corps
AM.023641

Socket bayonet.
Looks like m/1747 but it is shorter.


m/1784

OAL 470 BL - SL 90 SD -
Production
-
Weapon
Flintlock musket m/1784, for the cadet corps
AM.023538 AM.023538 AM.023538

Socket bayonet
Unusual blade shape for Swedish bayonets of this time.


m/1791

OAL 370 BL 255 SL 64 SD 19,5
Production
-
Weapon
-
AM.023676 AM.023676

Socket bayonet
Looks like m/1791, but it is smaller


m/1845

OAL 540 BL 470 SL 55 SD 19,2
Production
Husqvarna, 220
Weapon
Percussion musket m/1845 for cadets
Hylsa Jämför med m/1845 Klingbröst

Socket bayonet.
In 1845 a musket with 16 mm calibre for the cadet corps was approved.
The bayonet has a straight slot and basal locking ring. It has triangular blade with fullers and scalloped shoulders.
The bayonet looks just like m/1840 but it is smaller.
At first a batch of 200 rifles was made, later a new batch of 20 was manufactured


m/1860

OAL 530 BL 465 SL 64 SD 19
Production
-
Weapon
-
Hylsa

Socket bayonet.
This is basically a shortened version of the m/1860 bayonet.
Marked KS.number on the socket.


m/1864

OAL 550 BL 470 SL 66 SD 19
Production
Carl Gustav Stad
Weapon
-
Hylsa

Socket bayonet.
Looks like m/1864 but it is smaller, and slighly "thinner"
It is usually marked KS nnn ob the socket.
Usually marked wih a number in parallell with the blade. 1865, 1866 and 1867 known by me.


7. School/Exercise bayonets

Ca 1810 Gotlands nationalbeväring

OAL 410 BL 335 SL 73 SD 24
Production
Probably Dutch manufacturer.
Weapon
-
Picture

Socket bayonet. (See "Brittish and Commonwelth Bayonets" #42)
Double edged flatblade, hexagobal section. Blade mount with collar.
This bayonet has been used in Denmark/Norway, Sweden, USA, Germanic states etc. A very successful export model !
The pictured bayonet has been found in Sweden, and it has the Gotland Militia markings.
Unknown when it was imported, maybe together with the Land Pattern bayonets in 1808 or -12.


school rifle 1850s

OAL 470 BL 400 SL 67 SD 20,5
Production
-
Weapon
-
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet.
Flat, S-shaped blade. 5 items known . Serial numbers [7 or 13], 30, 35 and one without number.
Was probably made in the 1850s.
There is a photo where these bayonets appear, taken outside a school. Town unknown.


m/1867 for school rifle

OAL 485 BL 442 SL 44 SD 19,2
Production
-
Weapon
School rifle m/1867
Hylsa

Socket bayonet.
Modified m/1867 socket bayonet with shortened socket and point (It is blunted).


Ca 1860-64 for rifle associations

OAL 622 ? BL 495 ? MRD 19
Production
-
Weapon
Chamber loader m/1864 was manufacturd in a non military variation
for the rifle associations

Sword bayonet

Chamber loader m/1864 was manufacturd in a non military variation for the rifle associations in 1860's.
Those (or a number of those) was modified and manufactured with a bayonet lug.
Rifle m/1860 has been modified to carry sword bayonet. As this rifle was pupular in the rifle associations, it is likley to be the same beyonet.

Sword bayonet m/1867 was probably used.




8. Referenser

Referenser
[2] Svevap, "Bajonetten då till nu", 1976
[2] Lissmark, Bengt. "Svenska bajonetter 1696 - 1965", 1973
[3] Schöön, Björn. "Bayonets, Bajonetter, Bajonette", 1986
[4] Kiesling, Paul, "Bayonets of the world"
[5] von Schreber, Tor Schreber, "Karolinska bajonetter och deras föregångare på kontinenten"
"Föreningens armémusei vänner Meddelande IV ", 1941
[6] von Goës, Nils, "Söderhamns gevärsfaktori 1620 - 1813", 1988
[7] Janzen, Jerry L, "Bayonets of the Remington cartridge period", 1993
[8] Evans, R.D.C. Articles in e.g. Vaabenhistorik Selskaps tidskrift.
[9] Alm, Josef. Eldhandvapen I och II
[10] Alm, Josef. Arméns eldhandvapen förr och nu
[11] Alm, Josef. Flottans handvapen