Norwegian bayonets

© Per Holmbäck

1. General

Date History
97-01-13 First version
97-05-09 New format
97-05-18 Various updates and corrections
98-03-15 Various updates
98-06-14 Updates...
99-02-23 New HTML based version (not based on Word any more)
99-03-14/99-04-27 Pictures added, new models.
99-07-08
99-08-18
99-09-27
Corrections to M/1859 and M/1860, Some more pictures. (M4 mm.)
2000-02-26 Correction of M1 SLG
2001-01-04 Working, added pictures of M1913, M1884 marin, corrected M1860, Added cadet M/1857
2006-06-06 Major rewrite, updates and corrections. New pictures.
2007-01-02 Updates/corrections
  • A more consistant  nomenclature
  • Jarmann trial bayonet designated M1878
  • A general walkthrough of all dimensions. MRD is measured at the front of the socket (front/rear).
  • M/1842-58 removed until verified...
2010-02-23 Updates
  • Picture on M1843 Marinen, corrected production number.
2011-07-16 Uppdatering
  • English version separated
  • Editorial corrections
  • Revised M1878
  • Moved M1912 to trial models
2011-12-27 Minor changes
  • M1896, information missing, removed
  • References added
2012-01-16 Editorial corrections.
2016-07-12 New templates/New graphical layout
Many updates, e.g.
  • Many new pictures !
  • Jarmann updates
2016-07-18 Pictures added/replaced; M1957 SLG, M4 SLK
2016-08-23 Pictures added; M1842-44
2016-11-05 Pictures added; FM1908 - 1912

2. Early models

Introduction

Ca 1740

OAL 410 BL ca 300 SL ca 73 SD ca 23,5/25
Production
Probably Dutch manufacturer.
Weapon
-
Picture

Socket bayonet. (See "Brittish and Commonwelth Bayonets" #42)
Double edged flatblade, hexagonal section. Blade mount with collar.
This bayonet has been used in Denmark/Norway, Sweden, USA, Germanic states etc. A very successful export model !
The pictured bayonet has been found in Sweden.


3. Regular models

M/1746

OAL ca 600 BL ca 470-485 SL ca 90 SD 23,5/24,5
Production
Kronborg, 38,065 rifles were made between 1748 and 1765
Weapon
`14-lödigt' smoothbore infantry rifle
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with flat inner side, socket without collar.
Approved 22/10 1746
This bayonet exists in many variations, e.g. with median locking ring, reinforcement ring.
See Danish M/1746


M/1765-69-74

OAL ca 515 BL ca 390 SL cca 95 SD 22,5/23,5
Production
-
Weapon
16-lödigt (17.5 mm) infantry rifle M/1769
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with flat inner side and a guard, socket with collar for locking catch, zigzag slot.
See Danish M/1765-69-74


M/1767-69 dragoon

OAL ca 450 BL ca 325 SL 88 SD 22/23
Production
2957 muskets delivered from Kronoborgs faktori 1769-1773
Weapon
14 lödigt dragoon rifle M/1767
14-lödigt (18.3 mm) dragoon rifle M/1769
16 lödig dragoon carbine M/1769
Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with flat inner side and a guard, socket with collar for locking catch, zigzag slot.
See Danish M/1767-69


Brown Bess

OAL ca 540 BL ca 430 SL 101 SD 24/25
Production
-
Weapon
-


Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with two fullers and flat inner side, round shank


M/1785

OAL 520 BL 386 SL ca 93 SD 22/23
Production
Kronborg factory, 9.400 ex between 1786 and 1789
Weapon
infantry rifle M/1785
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with a guard, flat inner side. Socket with basal locking 'split' locking ring and straight slot.
Approved 9/9 1785. Designed by general Huth.
This was the first bayonet from Kronborg with a locking ring.
See Danish M/1785


M/1789 ramrod

OAL 944
Production
3000 newly produced muskets was delivered from Kronborgs faktori
Weapon
16-lödig (17,5 mm) skarpskyttegevär M/1789.
Picture Picture Picture

Ramrod bayonet
Approved 14/3 1789
For the sharp shoter corps


M/1789

OAL ca 540 BL 397 SL 93 SD 22/23
Production
Kronborg
Weapon
Infantry rifle M/1785
Infantry rifle M/1789
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with flat inner side, without guard.
Socket with straight slot and locking ring made in two parts.
The first Norwegian bayonet with rounded 'shoulders'.
Locking mechanism designed by general Huth.
See Danish M/1789


M/1791

OAL 710 BL 562 SL 95 SD 22/23
Production
10.900 rifles manufactured at Kronborg rifle factory
Weapon
16-lödigt (17,5 mm) smoothbore infantery rifle infantry rifle 1791
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, without guard. Socket with straight slot and locking ring made in two parts.
Normally early Danish/Norwegian bayonets had blades with a guard.
First long Danish bayonet, C.W.Kyhl was probably involved in the design.
Approved 4/6 or 4/7 1791.
See Danish M/1791


M/1794

OAL 710 BL 565 SL 96 SD 22/23
Production
30.000 rifles manufactured at Kronborg rifle factory
Weapon
16-lödigt (17,5 mm) smoothbore infantry rifle 1794
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, without guard. Socket with locking mechanism designed by C. W. Kyhl.
Approved 12/7 1794.
The first delivery arrived at Copenhagen Armoury 17/1 1797.
See Danish M/1794


M/1801 Landvaern

OAL 717/540 BL 572/? SL 99 SD 22,5/?
Production
Kronborg rifle factory, 10,000 (1801 - 1808)
Weapon
16-lödigt (17,5 mm) home guard (landvernet) rifle M 1801
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet

Triangular blade with fullers and a flat upper side, socket with a zig-zag slot.
To cover the need of the newly formed home guard (Landvaernet) a rifle was put together from existing partsa.
Three types of rifles were delivered; two with 'short' bayonet and one with a 'long' bayonet.
The bayonet exists in two lengths.
Ref: [9] 1984.


M/1801

OAL 760 BL 620 SL - SD -
Production
Fredriksverk, 10400.
Weapon
22-lödigt jaeger rifle, M 1801, M 1803 och M 1807
Picture Picture Picture

Sword bayonet

Rebuilt from hirschfänger M/1788 or M/1791 or pallasch M/1750 (the later double-edged).
Brass handle with grips of twinned brass threads. Leather scabbard with brass mouthpiece and chape.
Approved 27/2 1801.
In 1801 1,000 bayonets was ordered from fredriksverk, in 1803 3,500 was ordered and finally in 1810 6,000 was ordered for the Norwegian 'haer'.
Cancelled 1830.
See Danish M/1801


M/1808

OAL 525 BL 385 SL 97 SD 22.5/23,5
Production
Kronborg
Weapon
infantry musket M 1794-08
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, Kyhl's locking spring.
This is actually a shortened M/1794
According to a royal order of 20/12 1808 infantry rifle bayonets should from now on be shorter.
See Danish M/1808.
Has not been found with Norwegian stamps.


M/1825

OAL 518 BL 420 SL 63,5 SD 21/22
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
'16 lödigt' infantry rifle M/1825
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
1st socket bayonet made by Kongsberg. Not stamped `K'.
Triangular blade with fullers, round shank.
Socket with basal locking ring and straight slot.
There are several variations of this bayonet.


M/1829

OAL 515 BL 426 SL 63,5 SD 21/22
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
'16 lödigt' infantry rifle M/1829
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, round shank. Socket with basal locking ring and straight slot.
It is a modification of M/1825 (with a shorter and thicker shank).
Some bayonets are marked with the mark of Kongsberg, some are not. (Picture Picture).


M/1842

OAL 570 BL 495 SL 71 SD 22,8
Production
Kongsberg, 400 bayonets, marked `K' . Numbered 1 - 400
Liege, 100 bayonets. Numbered 1 - 100.
Weapon
'18-lödig' chamber loader M/1842
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers. The locking spring designed by Khyl.(See Danish M/1854)
The bayonet was approved together with the rifle in 18th of May 1842.
In 1844 however, the bayonet was modified as the Kyhl locking mechanism was not good enough. See M/1842-44
Most bayonets were probably modified.


M/1842-44

OAL 570 BL 495 SL 71 SD 22,8
Production
Se M/1842
Weapon
'18-lödig' chamber loader M/1842
Picture

Socket bayonet
As the Kyhl locking mechanism showed not to be good enough, the bayonet was modified with a locking ring.
The modification was approved the 23rd of September 1844.


M/1843 Navy

OAL 574 BL 497 SL 68 SD 22,3
Production
Kongsberg, okänt antal, marked `K'
Weapon
'16-lödig' rifle M/1843
'17-lödigt' navy rifle M/1843.
Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers. Socket with basal locking ring.
Rounded shoulders.
Production number is not known by me, but it is probably less than 1000.


M/1846, M/1849, M/1855

OAL 577 BL 490 SL 68 SD 22,3
Production
Kongsberg M/1846 2700 st, M/1849 6000 st, M/1855 3700
Liege M/1846 1500 st, M/1849 2000 st
Hertzberg M/1846 1500 st, M/1849 2000 st Märkt R på armen
Weapon
chamber loader M/1846, M/1849, M/1855, M/1859
'18-lödigt' Landmark rifle M/1867 for the Navy.
Kongsberg: Picture (modified scabbard !)
Liege: Picture Picture
Hertzberg: Picture Picture Picture


Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers.
The bayonet was used for all models, only markings and serial numbers differs.

Initially the leather scabbard had a brass frog stud, but in 1860 it was decided to use a leather strap instead.
The old scabbards were modified and are recognized by the filled holes from the brass frog stud.

The bayonets of the Marine is recognized by the markings and the low serial number.
It is very likely that the Marine did not modify their scabbard, but kept the brass frog stud.
The opinion still exists that the Marine marked their bayonets with a 'M', but that is very unlikley. It is more likley the stamp of armourer Malmberg.



M/1851

OAL 512 BL 387 SL 84 SD 22,5
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
Modified musket M/1788 (M/1788-41-51)
Picture Picture Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with flat inner side and guard. Socket with wide basal locking ring and collar.
This is a modified M1765-69-74.
The musket originally had a ramrod bayonet.


M/1851

OAL 786 BL 652
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
'15-lödig' musket (tappstudsare) M/1821-51.
Picture Picture Picture Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
Yataghan-shaped blade. Strange locking mechanism with wooden grip on one side and locking mechanism on the other.
The rifle had an octagonal barrel.
Leather scabbard without mouthpiece.



M/1859

OAL 705 BL 565 MRD 23,2
Production
Kongsberg ca 1700 ?
Weapon
'18-lödig' chamber loader M/1859
'15-lödig' musket (tappstudsare).
Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
Yataghan-shaped blade. Leather scabbard with brass mouthpiece and 'internal' chape. There are also leather scabbards with external brass chape.
The bayonet was approved with the chamber loader M/1859 in Mars 11 1859.
It is usually marked with the crowned 'K' and a serial number on the riccaso.
Known serial numbers are in the interval 10858 - 12466. [12]

24'th October 1860 it was decided that the constables and artillerymen at 11. and 10. Battery, 5'th Artillery batallion should used sword bayonet M/1859 instead of a sabre.
NCOs and the 'Gardeskompaniet' in Stockholm used chamber loader M/1859..
The bayonets issued to 'Norske Garde Skarpskytter Compagnie' in Stockholm are marked 'SC No '.


M/1860

OAL 575 BL 485 SL 72 SD 17,9/18,5
Production
Kongsberg, ca 7900 ex
Weapon
chamber loader M/1860, Lund rifle M/1867
'4-linjers' Landmark rifle M/1867 for the Marine
Picture Picture Picture

Socket bayonet
Looks like M/1846, but with a smaller socket inner diameter.
In 1860 a new scabbard was introduced. It had a leater strap instead of the old brass frog stud.
The older scabbard were modifed after 1860.
M1860 was very likley delivered with the new scabbard.

The bayonets of the Marinen only differs in the marking, and a low serial number on the riccaso.
The opinion still exists that the Marine marked their bayonets with a 'M', but that is very unlikley. It is more likley the stamp of armourer Malmberg.
According to reference [6] the Marine should still use the old scabbards with brass frog stud.


M/1860

OAL 710 BL 570 MRD 18,7
Production
Kongsberg, 1870-1883: 55380.
Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur, ca 3000.
Weapon
chamber loader M/1860
Remington rifle M/1867
Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
The bayonet is like M1859, but with a smaller MRD (18,7 mm). The scabbard is also the same as M/1859.
The same bayonet was used with both chamber loader M1860 and Remington rifle M/1867.
The serial number intervals are overlapping, so it might be difficult to determine if it is for a rifle M1860 or M1867.

As Kongsberg factory did not have the capacity to shift production to the Remington rifles, in 1869 it was decided to buy rifles from Sweden. Huskvarna factory delivered 3000 rifles in 1870 and 2000 more in 1872.
The bayonets however were manufactured by Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB.
They were also manufactured for two deliveries.
  • First delivery, 1870, was viewed by IdB (Edward Govert In de Betou) and had a serial number with prefix ´B´.
    Picture Picture
  • Second delivery, viewed by HH (Harald Holm) or WA (Pehr Wilhelm Amnell).
    Picture Picture
It can be noted that the the Swedish made scabbards probably has an inspection mark on the chape.

The scabbard mouth piece was modified with a steel spring in 1877 as the bayonets were dropped too easy.
Some bayomnets might have been modified (remarked) to M/1876. Bayonets has been noted with the serial number grinded away.

Some bayonets were also modified to sappers saw M/1905.
They were shortened (blunt point) and had a sawback. The scabbard was also shortened.


M/1862/66 Artillery

OAL 698 BL 574 MRD 19
Production
Kongsberg 300
Weapon
4" artillery chamber loader carbine M/1862/66
4" artillery Lund carbine M/1862/66/69
Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
The bayonets looks like M1860 but the wooden grips are much shorter.
The scabbard is of steel with a loop for the frog.
It may also be mixed up with e.g. the French M1842, but one characteristic is the mouthpiece; It is made in two parts where the bottom part is horse shoe shaped.
Picture


M/1867 Navy

OAL 581 BL 508 SL 72 SD 17,9
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
4 linjers Landmarksgevär M/1867 omgjort för Marinen
Picture Picture Picture
(Pictures are of an Army M/1860, no Navy markings)

Socket bayonet
This is a bayonet M/1860, only differs in the marking, and a low serial number on the riccaso.

The opinion still exists that the Marine marked their bayonets with a 'M', but that is very unlikley. It is more likley the stamp of armourer Malmberg.
According to reference [6] the Marine should still use the old scabbards with brass frog stud. Reference [6].


M/1867 Navy

OAL 577 BL 486 SL 72 SD 22,8
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
'18-lödig't Landmark rifle M/1867 for the Navy
Picture Picture (Pictures are of Army M1846)


Socket bayonet
This is a bayonet M/1846, only difference is the marking and a low serial number on the arm.
Initially the leather scabbard had a brass frog stud, but in 1860 it was decided to use a leather strap instead.
The old scabbards were modified and are recognized by the filled holes from the brass frog stud.

It is very likely that the Marine did not modify their scabbard, but kept the brass frog stud.
The opinion still exists that the Marine marked their bayonets with a 'M', but that is very unlikley. It is more likley the stamp of armourer Malmberg.
Reference [6].


M/1876 Krag Petersson

OAL 710 BL 570 MRD 18,7
Production
Kongsberg
The rifles were produced by Carls Gustaf Stads rifle factory in Sweden and Carl Johans Vern, 975 rifles were manufactured.
Weapon
Krag Petterson rifle M/1876 for The Navy
Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
Yataghan blade, looks like M/1860 but with the serial number stamped on the cross guard.
Some M/1860 bayonets might have been modified and had the serial number on the ricasso ground off.


M/1884 Haeren

OAL 610 BL 497 MRD 17,3
Production
Kongsberg 28162 (marked crowned K)
Unknown maker (marked crowned H)
Weapon
10,15 mm repeating rifle M1884 (Jarmann)
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Cruciform bayonet
The Army (Haer) bayonet for the 10,15 mm repeating rifle is 61 cm long,m has a cruiciform blade and hilt with wooden grips.
The scabbard is of leater and was made in two patterns.
The first model had an external chape.
The second model had an internal chape.
Picture
There are several variation of the mouth piece, e.g. the rivet shape and location varies.
The bayonets are usually marked with the kongsberg 'K', but a very few has been observed with a crowned 'H'. That maker is still unknown.
(Hovedarsenalet made a few trial bayonets marked crowned 'A'.)

The work with the bayonet for the Jarmann repeating rifle was initiated already in 1881 and several models were evaluated. The working model was approved 4th February 1887.

See separate article about the Jarmann bayonets.


M/1884 Marinen

OAL 313 BL 200 MRD 17,3
Production
Kongsberg 729 (marked crowned K)
Weapon
10,15 mm repeating rifle M1884 (Jarmann)
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
The Navy (Marinen) chose a knife bayonet for the rifle M1884. The bayonet is double edged and has a hilt with wooden grips.
The scabbard is of steel with a locking spring to secure the scabbard.
The scabbard has a thin stud like the M1894, but most scabbards has a frog stud soldered to the opposite side of the scabbard.
This is probably a Navy modification to fit existing (or cheaper) frogs.

The Navy wanted originally to buy 50 socket bayonets from Carl Gustaf Stads rifle factory. (Same bayonet that was used by the Swedish Jarmann rifle.)
However, the factory reported that they did not have the resources to manufacture the order due to high workload.

See separate article about the Jarmann bayonets.


M/1894

OAL 334 BL 215
Production
Steyr
29000 bayonets, numbered in the intervals 1-20,000 and 30,001 - 39000, and 8000 ordered later.
Husqvarna
2000 bayonets, numbered in the interval 20,001 - 30,000
Kongsberg
101750 bayonets
numbered in the interval 39,001 - 121,000, and spread in the intervals 1-20,000 and 30,001 - 39000
Total
ca 140.000 bayonets
Weapon
Krag Jörgenssen rifle M/1894, Carbine M/1912.
Picture Picture
Picture Huskvarna

Knife bayonet
The bayonet for the Krag Jörgensen rifle was planned early, and was inspired by the Danish M1889.
The locking mechanism was modified though, and inspired e.g. the US Springfield and Garand bayonets.
The bayonet was approved already 21th April 1894, together with the rifle.
The scabbard is of steel with a ball point. It was either blued or browned but is very often painted black as the initial finish worn out.
A great number of bayonets were produced, and it remained in service into the 1950s.

The frog is quite unique. Picture Picture

Another type of frog is said to be used by the DNL (Den Norske Legion) during training. It is a modified Belgian frog. See reference [14] Picture Picture Picture


M/1913

OAL 490 BL 370
Production
Kongsberg, circa 3000. Numbered 501-1000 and 2209-4708.
Weapon
Krag Jörgenssen Carbine M/1912
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
A known problem with the long bayonet M1912 (trial) was that the blade was not strong enough.
Kongsberg suggested that one of the fullers should be removed and in the summer of 1912 further trials were conducted.
The bayonet was approved 16th June 1913 as "Long bayonet M/1912".

Several types of scabbard were also tested, and the scabbard was not approved until 18tnh April 1914.

The bayoinet has one fuller all the way to the point of the blade.
The scabbard is of leather with a integrated frog.


M/1916

OAL 490 BL 370
Production
Kongsberg.
Weapon
Krag Jörgenssen carbine M1912 and rifle M/1894
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
Fuller ends circa 105 mm from the point. Steel scabbard with separate frog.
The bayonet was approved in 17th April 1916, and it was decided that all carbines M/1912 and rifles M/1894 should be delivered with the long bayonet.
The first 3720 bayonets were delivered with leather scabbard. (Giving a total of 6720 leather scabbards)


M/1894-43

OAL 334 BL 215
Production
Kongsberg, 3.300 rifles were made, but it might be as many as 34.200 bayonets manufactured !
Weapon
Krag Jörgenssen rifle M/1894, carbine M/1912
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
Produced in 1943-1944. Roughly made, scabbard has no chape.
Normally stamped with the tool stamp of Kongsberg, and may be found with a Waffenampt stamp (WaAmt WA84).
The German designation was "Seitengewehr 102(n)". It was used by e.g. the "Hird".

Surprisingly many seems later to have been modified to the M1 SLK. This is meerly an observarion, not a fact.


M/1916 kort

OAL 333 BL 212
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
Krag Jörgenssen rifle M/1894, carbine M/1912
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
Many M/1916 was shortened to the same lenth as M/1894 in 1943-45 on German orders.
They are usually 'parkerized' (gråblå), but this might have been done later. There are no availble numbers of how many bayonet were shortened. Both steel and leater scabbards exist.
There are some bayonets shortened to a length between the short and the long bayonet, but the reason is unknown.


M/1944

OAL 315 BL 210 MRD 15
Production
E A Berg 1944-45, 4600 ex.
Weapon
Krag Jörgenssen rifle M/1894 samt carbine M/1912
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
001 - 1,000 were delivered 9th April 1945, the rest, 1,001 - 4,600 were delivered in September.

These bayonets were probably a replacement for those Krag Jörgenssen bayonets destroyed in a fire in Örebro 1941.
Those were stored for a Norwegian unit (1st division) that was in a detention camp.
The bayonet was ordered from `Erik Anton Berg's Fabriks Aktiebolag' in Eskilstuna 1st August 1944.
A trial series was made, where 10 to 20 bayonets were delivered. They were browned and had no serial number stamped.

The following remarks were made:
1. The blade has to fit more smoothly in the scabbard.
2. The scabbard locking stud was too stiff and not flexible enough. (bevegelse)
3. The grips had to be better adjusted.
4. Too sharp edges on the slot.
Those bayonets delivered were blued and had serial number 001 to 4,600.
Controlling officer was Captain S. M. Stenmo but the bayonet has no inspection mark.
They were probably never issues/tested, and the do not fit on the carbine M1912.


M1956 SLK

OAL 335 BL 213 MRD 15
Production
ca 30000 + 1000 modified at `Hærens Våpentekniske Korps'
Weapon
US Carbine M1
Picture

Knife bayonet
It is a modified M/1894 with a muzzle ring welded to it and a web belt frog. Normally the blade is blued.
Surprisingly many seems to be of war production, but this is meerly an observarion, not a fact. May be found with Waffenamt stamp.


M/1957 SLG

OAL 389 BL 254
Production
5000 delivered to Hærens Våpentekniske Korps in April 1957.
It is very likley that they were modified at Vinghøgs Mekaniske Verksted AS
Weapon
US Rifle M1 Garand
Picture Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
Modified German 98k bayonet M/1884-98. The modification consists in a steel angle with a stud welded to the guard.
The belt hook is of Nato type, welded to the scabbard.


K98

OAL 389 BL 254
Production
Unknown number
Weapon
Geman carbine KAR98
7,62mm Mauser M/98kF1.
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
German 98k bayonet M/1884-98.
Probably as many as 100.000 rifles was modified in 1954-1958 to 7,62mm Mauser M/98kF1.
They were used by the home guard into the 1970's.

There are a number of 98k bayonets with an American belt hook soldered to the original scabbard.

The Air Force mounted an American belt hook on the original frog stud. Thus carrying the bayonet with the frog stud on the inside.
These had a Norwegian serial number stamped in large yellow figures on both bayonet and scabbard.


M1 SLG

OAL 368 BL 252 MRD 15
Production
Kongsberg 50,000 (?)
Several American manufacurers
Weapon
US Springfield M/1903 and rifle M1 Garand.
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
Grips of bakelite.
The bayonet is carried in an ordinary US M7 scabbard.

Bayonet manufactured by KV.
Production begun in 1953 in Kongberg.
The bayonet is stamped with a crowned 'K' on the ricasso.
Only a very few of the Kongsberg made bayonets has been found. It is believed that they have been exported overseas. (I.e. to USA).
The scabbard is of model M7. The Norwegian scabbard differs in a few ways:
  • The ordnance bomb is more deeply struck into the mouth piece, and is slighly smaller.
  • The bomb has a separate collar at the top where the flames come out (whereas the us collar is part of the bomb and flared out)
  • The Norwegian scabbard is marked "US" (no periods) ; the US scabbard is marked "U.S."
  • There is a small makers mark on the scabbard point.
  • The colour differs slightly. (This can be a matter of opinion..)
They had much problems with acceptance tests at low temperatures (-50C), but the American scabbards didn't pass either.
The requirements were then adjusted.

There are a couple of interesting variations for the war academy (Krigsskolen, KS) and the Royal Guards (Hans Majestät Konungens Garde, HMKG):
  • War academy, black plastic frog with red edges. Scabbard, guard and hilt are painted black.
    Picture Picture Picture
  • The Royal Guards use a black leather belt holder using the normal belt hooks.
    Picture Picture


M4 SLK

OAL 290 BL 170 MRD 15
Production
Kongsberg from circa 1954.
Several American manufacurers
Weapon
US Carbine M1
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
For US Carbine M1.
Used 1952 - 1970 by officers and specialists.
Scabbard M8A1. The scabbards was easily broken, and in April 1962 it was decided to mount a metal chape on the damaged scabbards.

The Norwegian made bayonets are blued, and has the Kongsberg stamp on both ricasso and scabbard.


M/1968 G3

OAL 295 BL 168 MRD 22,3
Production
Vinghøgs Mekaniske Verksted AS (type 1), 71.500 st
Eickhorn (type 1)
Eickhorn (type 2)
Weapon
AG3
typ 1 Picture Picture
typ 2 Picture

Knife bayonet
AG3 was introduced in the Army 1967 and about 250.000 rifles was delivered from Kongsberg.
The first bayonets was reworked US M3 knives and M4 bayonets.
The early M3 knives were marked on the blade, and on a few AG3 bayonets, that marking can be found on the blade.
Picture

In the 1970s a number of bayonets were purchased from Eickhorn. They are totally unmarked.
A rebuilt bayonet can be identified by the vise marks on the blade(The locking stud is also slightly different).
Picture Picture

There are several scabbard types:
  • M8A1-type marked "M8A1" and with Kongsberg's crowned 'K'. These are originally from the M4 bayonets.
  • Wooden pattern scabbard. These scabbard came quite likely from Germany.
  • Green plastic. These came with the bayonets bought from Eickhorn.
In the 1980s more bayonets we bought from Eickhorn, now of a different type, type 2. It has a 7-groove olive green plastic grip instead of the ungrooved, stippled grips of the earlier type.
The scabbard looks like the earlier plastic scabbard, but the strap is mounted a bit higher.

The Royal Guards (Hans Majestät Konungens Garde, HMKG) has a bayonet with black grips, scabbard and frog (Both type 1 and 2).
Picture Picture
The War Academy (Krigsskolan, KS) did also use a black bayonet, but only for parade.


HK416N

OAL 298 BL 175 MRD 22,3
Production
Aitor (Currently "Aitor Pielcu Sociedad Limitada", Spain)
Weapon
HK416N (Heckler & Koch)
Picture Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
In 2007 HK416N was introduced in the Norwegian defence, and the AG3 was beginning to be phased out.
The bayonet is basically a KCB–77, a development of AR15.
Initially 500-1000 green bayonets were bought, but since HMKG shall have black bayonets, it was decided that only black bayonets were purchased.

The black bayonets we manufactured by the Spanish maker Aitor, and are marked with their logotype.
The green bayonets are supposedly unmarked.



4. War academy

M/1798

OAL 568 BL 430 SL 96 SD 23
Production
60 ?
Weapon
Cadet musket M/1798

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, locking spring of Khyl.
See Danish M/1798 cadet.


M/1843 War academy

Three models can be identified.

Long model
OAL 528 BL 451 SL 67 SD 21,4
Production
Kongsberg, 30 st
Weapon
'17-lödig' percussion rifle, nr 1 - 30 145 cm long
Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, basal locking ring.


Medium long model
OAL 500 BL 425 SL 67 SD 21,4
Production
Kongsberg, 25 st
Weapon
'17-lödig' percussion rifle, nr 31 - 55 138 cm long
Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, basal locking ring.


Short model
OAL 478 BL 400 SL 67 SD 21,4
Production
Kongsberg, 25 st
Weapon
'17-lödig' percussion rifle, nr 56 - 80 130 cm long
Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, basal locking ring.


M/1848 War academy

OAL 700 BL 572 MRD 21,5
Production
Kongsberg, 110 st (55 short and long rifles)
Weapon
War Academy '18-lödiga' chamger loader rifle M/1848
Picture Picture Picture Picture Picture

Sword bayonet
First approved sword bayonet in Norway. Brass hilt, yataghan blade. Leather scabbard with external mouthpiece and chape.


M/1857 War Academy

The rifle and the bayonet is manufactured in four different lengths.

Type I
OAL - BL 567 SL 76 MRD 23,2
Production
Kongsberg, 1 - 25
Weapon
War Academy '18-lödig' chamber loader rifle M/1848/57
Sword bayonet
The bayonet looks like M/1859 with the following differences:
  • Dimensions
  • Serial number
  • Shorter ricasso, and a quite straight finale of the fuller.


Type II
OAL - BL 547 SL 71 MRD 23,2
Production
Kongsberg, 26 - 55
Weapon
War Academy '18-lödig' chamber loader rifle M/1848/57
Sword bayonet
The bayonet looks like M/1859 with the following differences:
  • Dimensions
  • Serial number
  • Shorter ricasso, and a quite straight finale of the fuller.


Type III
OAL - BL 527 SL 66 MRD 23,2
Production
Kongsberg, 66 - 75
Weapon
War Academy '18-lödig' chamber loader rifle M/1848/57
Sword bayonet
The bayonet looks like M/1859 with the following differences:
  • Dimensions
  • Serial number
  • Shorter ricasso, and a quite straight finale of the fuller.


Type IV
OAL - BL 507 SL 61 MRD 23,2
Production
Kongsberg, 76 - 80
Weapon
War Academy '18-lödig' chamber loader rifle M/1848/57
Sword bayonet
The bayonet looks like M/1859 with the following differences:
  • Dimensions
  • Serial number
  • Shorter ricasso, and a quite straight finale of the fuller.


5. Trial models

M/1834

OAL 516 BL 416 SL 63 SD 23
Production
-
Weapon
'18-lödig' percussion rifle (Överstelöjtnant Blich's design and Malmberg's lock)

Socket bayonet
As M/1829 but with longer shank.
The rifle was designed by `Överstelöjtnant' Blich' and the lock was designed by Malmberg


M/1834

OAL 680 BL 580 SL 63 SD 22
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
percussion rifle av Malmberg and Engers design

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, basal locking ring.
100 of each sort were delivered to the Norwegian Jegerkorps in 1835.


M/1838

OAL 564 BL 490 SL 63,5 SD 22
Production
1 ex ??
Weapon
'18-lödig' chamber loader rifle M/1838, Gregersen & Scheel design

Socket bayonet
Khyls locking spring.


M/1838

OAL 564 BL 490 SL 63,5 SD 22
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
experimental chamber loader rifle 1838 (Model 1838 No 3)

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, basal locking ring. Quite like M/1846, locking ring bolt slightly smaller.


M/1867

OAL 568 BL 482 SL 65 SD 19
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
Experimental rifle Remington M/1867

Socket bayonet
Triangular blade with fullers, median locking ring.


M/1871

OAL 705 BL 570 MRD - 18,5/td>
Production
Kongsberg, very few
Weapon
Krags magasine rifle produced about 1870.

Sword bayonet
Does this really exist !!?? Is it the fakes of M/1860 that is being referred to ?


fm/1878 Jarmann single shot

OAL 607 BL 470 MRD 17-17,2
Production
Kongsberg Vapenfabrik, 75 st.
  • 25 for Norway
  • 50 for Sweden
Weapon
Rifle fm/1878-79
Picture Picture Picture Picture Picture

Sword bayonet, wooden grips, brass pommel and guard. The blade is straight. The scabbard is clearly inspired by the german SG71.
The bayonet is from the Norwegian-Swedish trials for a common rifle in 1876 to 1889.
In 1878 the comitté decides that 50 10,15 mm rifles based on the mechanim designed by Jarmannn should be manufactured for troop trials with 25 rifles in each country.


  • 1 June 1878: One sword bayonet for the Prussian jaeger rifle is shipped to Kongsbergs Vapenfabrik.
  • 17 August 1878: Kongsbergs Vapenfabrik announces that a box of 10 sword bayonets for the Jarmann rifles has been shipped to Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori.
  • 25 August 1878: Kongsbergs Vapenfabrik announces that the remaining 65 sword bayonets has been shipped.
  • 5th September 1878: The 75 sword bayonets has arrived to Carl Gustaf Stads gevärsfaktori. The last 65 arrived the 3 September.
  • 17 September 1878: Stockholms tygstation announces that 25 st Jarmann rifles for trials has been recieved.
  • 28 September 1878: The Norwegian fälttygmästarexpeditionen announces thet 25 Jarmann rifles has been recieved.
  • 17 October 1878: Stockholms tygstation receives 25 more Jarmann rifles.
  • 6 February 1879: One Preussian sword bayonet is returned from Kongsbergs Vapenfabrik.


Bayonets for the Jarmann 10,15 mm repeating rifle

In Mars 1881 the captains Krag and Petersen were requested to propose a new sight and bayonet for the Jarmann rifle.
The design was presented to the construction commission in February 1882 but was reemitted to the "permanent rifle commission".

In 1882 the commission received nine trial bayonets from Kongsbergs vapenfabrik, numbered in the interval 1 to 21.
The comission recommended field trials with two of the nine models.
Captain Nörregård advocated a cruciform bayonet (number five), but the construction commission recommended trials with another cruciform bayonet (number two).


Cruciform bayonet Jarmann repeating rifle

OAL 560 BL 445 MRD 17,5
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
10,15 mm repeating rifle M1884 (Jarmann)
Picture

Cruciform bayonet
This bayonet is regarded as being of Captain Nörregard's design, but I am not sure it is the case.
He advocated that the commission should recommend number five of the nine project models.
I don't know is this is number 5 or more likley number 2.
It was not approved.


Cruciform bayonet Jarmann repeating rifle

OAL 610 BL 500 MRD 17,5
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
10,15 mm repeating rifle M1884 (Jarmann)
Picture Picture

Cruciform bayonet
After the initial trials, 48 cruciform bayonets with a reinforced guard and in two different lengths were ordered.
This model has a thinner blade and guard. The reinforcement on the guard is also missing.
The pictures shows the differences of the guurd. The bayonet is almost 70 grams lighter than the approved model.

These trials were successful, and 24 more bayonets were ordered. They had a further reinforced guard and blade.
This is the model that was later approved.


Knife bayonet Jarmann repeating rifle

OAL 310 BL 200 MRD 17,5
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
10,15 mm repeating rifle M1884 (Jarmann)
Picture Picture Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
The bayonet has a double edged blade and riveted grips. It is very light and slender.
This is number 20 of the 9 proposed bayonets.
The scabbard has a locking mechanism similar to the later approved Marine bayonet.

It was not approved.


Knife bayonet Jarmann repeating rifle

OAL - BL - MRD -
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
10,15 mm repeating rifle M1884 (Jarmann)
Picture

Knife bayonet
The bayonet has a double edged blade and riveted grips, similar to the above.
This is number 17 of the 9 proposed bayonets.
The bayone is designed by the captains Krag and Pettersens.

It was not approved.


M/1912 Cavalry

OAL - BL 430 MRD -
Production
Kongsberg
Weapon
Krag Jörgensen carbine M/1912
Picture Picture
The Cavalry did not have bayonets before, but with carbine M/1912 a bayonet should be introduced.
A couple of models were tested; a folding bayonet (like the Italian bayonet for the Carcano rifle) and an extensible "ram rod" bayonet.
None of these were accepted.


M/1912

OAL 490 BL 370
Production
Kongsberg, probably about 35
Weapon
Krag Jörgensen carbine M/1912
Picture Picture

Knife bayonet
Not to loose the range with the shorter carbine, a longer bayonet was desired.
The first trial bayonets were probably ordinary M1894 bayonet with prolonged blade.
To save weight both edge and back side gor a fuller. It made the bayonet just 75 grams heavire than the M1894.
It was probably only made some 12 - 15 bayonets like this.

For the troup trials in 1911 35 bayonets were made. Thay have a slightly heavier blade than the first bayonets.

The bayonet with a steel scabbard was approved the 15th May 1912 with the carbine M/1912.




6. References

References
[1] Svevap, "Bajonetten då till nu", 1976
[2] Schöön, Björn. "Bayonets, Bajonetter, Bajonette", 1986
[3] Kiesling, Paul, "Bayonets of the world", 1986
[4] Aarum, Finn & Stein G. Saegrov, "Döllebajonetten i norsk bruk"
[5] Haga, Even, "Kongsberg våpenfabriks blankvåpenproduksjon for hæren"
[6] Karlsen/Mathiesen/Ruud, "Norske blankvåpen 1814 - 1980", 1982
[7] Svendsen, Walter, Diverse artiklar ur bl.a. Nordisk Våpenforum.
[8] Gundeid, Arne, Diverse artiklar ur bl.a. Nordisk Våpenforum.
[9] Janzen, Jerry L, "Bayonets of the Remington cartridge period", 1993
[10] Evans, R.D.C. Articles in e.g. Vaabenhistorik Selskaps tidskrift.
[11] Hanevik, Karl Egil. "Norske Militaergevaerer etter 1867", 1999
[12] Sunde, Harald. "Norske Kammerladningsgevaerer og Karabiner for haeren 1842 - 1877", 1993
[13] Bakke, Knut. Diverse artiklar, bla "Vi samler Bajonetter" ur bl.a. Nordisk Våpenforum.
[14] Carter, Anthony. "Bayonet belt frogs".