Carbine m/1894 bayonet trials

© Per Holmbäck

Swedish carbine bayonet m/1914 (above) and the trial bayonet fm/1913 (below)

Model Tl Bl Md Factory Quantity
fm/1913 460 330 15,5 Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori 500
m/1914 460 330 15,5 Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori 
Eskilstuna Jernmanufactur AB
navy project model 630 500 15,5 Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori very few
m/1915 630 500 15,5 Carl Gustaf Stads Gevärsfaktori

Knife bayonets for carbine m/1894

The cavalry of Sweden still had the carbine m/1870 when fine calibres and magazine rifles were introduced, but in 1894 a Mauser carbine was adopted, two years before the rifle was approved.
The carbine was approved in 7th of August 1894 as the 1894 carbine ("1894 års karbin") by General order no 845. 
On the 6th of April 1895 the official name was changed to 6,5 mm carbine m/94 ("6,5 mm karbin m/94").
Carbine m/1894 was used by the mounted troops (Cavalry, Artillery and Train Troops) and by the Navy (which included the Marine Infantry and The Coast Artillery).

The 6,5 carbine m/94 was initially issued without bayonet and had no bayonet mounting.
In 1913 however, trials were ordered for a carbine bayonet, which should become the m/1914 and m/1915 bayonets.

Early trials

Thre were several experiments with a carbine bayonet before the trials of fm/1913 were ordered.

1908-1911 trials

See separate article.

Bayonet fm/1913

This is a knife bayonet with a double-edged blade without fullers. The hilt is of steel with wooden grips fastened by two bolts. The pommel has a T-slot and a round locking stud.
The scabbard is made of steel and blued. It is locked to the bayonet by a locking catch behind the guard.

This is one of the better-known Swedish trial models.

Listed here are the main differences from the later approved m/1914: 
The trials of a new carbine bayonet were ordered early in 1913, and in a Royal letter of 23rd May 1913 is stated that the trials were to be performed at K8 ("Norrlands Dragonregemente") in Umeå.  In the 4th of December 1913 trial model fm/1913 was decided, and at the same time 500 bayonets were ordered from Carl Gustaf Stad factory.
In General Order 736 of 6th July 1914 the trials were extended to one esquadron of K1 (Royal Guards on horse) "Livgardet till häst" in Stockholm and one esquadron of K3 (Life regiments hussars) "Livregementets husarer" in Skövde. The reason for this was that the whole cavalry probably should use the bayonets, and further trials were needed. The trials should be continued until the regimental manoeuvres of 1915 and the evaluation should be submitted by 1st November 1915. 300 bayonets were issued to K8 and 100 to K1 and K3 in July 1914.
It is very leikey that fm/1913 remained in operation when the approved model m/1914 was issued.


This picture shows the different pommel and locking stud of the two models 
(The Locking stud of the fm/1913 is the same as on socket bayonet m/1867-89.)
Pommel and locking stud of fm/1913 and m/1914

The guard differs in that the muzzle ring is thicker on m/1913. It must have been more complicated to manufacture. 

Sword bayonet for the navy carbine m/1894

This is very likely a project model of the bayonet m/1915.
In 15th October 1914 Carl Gustaf Stad factory receives an order of 330 6.5 mm carbines and carbine bayonets fm/1913 for the navy. Less than a month later, 9th November 1914 the order is changed to 330 bayonets with blade and scabbard like the project model already sent to the factory, but with the same hilt and mounting as fm/1913.
In 18th January 1915 sword bayonet m/1915 is approved, and in a letter of 22nd January the earlier ordered 330 bayonets should be manufactured according to a model sent to the factory the same date. Three weeks later, 11th February, further 710 carbines with bayonets were ordered.

Project model of the navy carbine bayonet

Closeup of the hilt.  

Bayonet m/1914 in UN duty

To mount the bayonet on the SMG m/1945 there was a special adaptor. This is made from old carbine m/1894-14 mountings.
It is said that it was a request from the Swedish UN forces in Congo in the 1960s to be able to use the m/1914 bayonet with the SMG m/1945.

The sub machine gun barrel guard with bayonet mounting, m/1945C. 
m/1945C barrel guard with bayonet mounting

Last updated 2012-03-11
© Per Holmbäck